Campus Location

Abilene Campus (Residential)

Date of Award

1-2020

Department

Nursing

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Dr. Jonas Nguh

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Dr. Lawrence Santiago

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Dr. Ugochi Irikannu

Abstract

Person-centered care (PCC) guidelines are being used as a care model to improve health outcomes for residents with impaired cognition. The researcher utilized PCC guidelines to educate caregivers in residential homes to provide care based on the residents’ individualized needs and choices to reduce worsening health conditions and potentially avoidable hospitalizations. The researcher created an educational tool to improve prompt management of health conditions for residents with cognitive impairment and set up a control group (n = 4) and an intervention group (n = 4) to conduct this project. The intervention group received the PCC education guidelines, whereas the control group did not. The researcher utilized Quality of Life in Late-Stage Dementia (QUALID) and Person-Centered Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) questionnaires to identify caregivers’ perceptions of the person-centeredness and quality of life for residents under their care before and after the PCC education. Caregivers in the intervention group did not show any significant changes in PCC or QUALID scores pre- and post-intervention. In addition, caregivers in the control group had a mean preintervention P-CAT total score (M = 51.00, SD = 4.24) that was significantly higher than the mean post-intervention P-CAT total score (M = 49.50, SD = 4.12). The scores of both groups indicated that their work environments had a high level of PCC before the intervention. Further studies should be done on PCC education in residential care homes to identify the health outcomes of residents with impaired cognition whose caregivers received PCC education and training for 6 months to 1 year.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.