Campus Location

Abilene Campus (Residential)

Date of Award

Spring 5-2018

Document Type



Social Work

Degree Name

Master of Science

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Dr. Wayne Paris

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Dr. Alan Lipps

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Kendra Paris


The purpose of this study is to explore the re-certification process for college- educated immigrants in the United States, Canada, and Texas. Underemployment is a problem among foreign trained professionals in the United States. Additionally, this study serves as a guide for the International Rescue Committee to assist future clients. The guide provides a general outline for the licensure process within three professions in Texas. A sample of 192 participants was collected from existing client files from a resettlement agency in Texas. The researcher found approximately 24% of participants were college-educated. An advanced level of English proficiency did not correlate to higher education levels among participants. The re-certification process in Texas for three professions— dentists, nurses, and physical therapists—were discussed. Canada recognized the problem of underemployment among immigrants and implemented the Pan-Canadian Framework in 2009. Many states have passed recent policies that are relevant to foreign-trained professionals. A more focused study is needed to examine brain waste among internationally trained professionals in the United States.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Included in

Social Work Commons



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