Date of Award


Document Type


Primary Advisor

Suzie Macaluso

Secondary Advisor

Wayne Paris

Committee Reader

Amanda Pittman


This research sought to examine the relationship between race and perspectives of Christian suffering amongst college students. A total of 1073 respondents participated in a mixed methods survey. Results indicate that race amongst college students is not as influential on perspectives of Christian suffering as predicted. There was, however, a significant relationship (F=11.09) between race and college students’ level of agreement with God’s role of protection in suffering. Black students were most likely to agree that God protects Christians from suffering (x = 2.97), while White students were the least likely (x = 2.47). This data did not support the hypothesis that White students would be more likely than students of color to agree that God does protect Christians from suffering. However, further examination suggested that religious affiliation growing up likely has greater influence than race in shaping how students understand suffering in the Christian faith. This has implications for understanding the intersectionality of race and religion in modern contexts.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.