Date of Award
Master of Education in Teaching and Learning
Schema provides a theoretical framework for understanding the nature of science, inquiry, and open-ended labs. These topics have been emphasized in the state standards, especially in high school sciences. In this study the researcher took field notes, collected lab write ups, and conducted focus group interviews to understand students’ use of schema related to open-ended labs. These data were analyzed with the constant comparative method to generate themes. The author describes the major findings with parallel narratives, one focused on a student’s confusion and the other focused on a student’s understanding. The author concludes by advocating for science teachers to provide open-ended labs with scaffolding for high school students by including sentence starters and reteaching the scientific process throughout the year.
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Wall, J. Alexander, "How Students Investigate: Understanding Students’ Use of Scientific Schemas in Open-Ended Labs" (2023). Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning. 69.