Campus Location

Abilene Campus

Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2024

Document Type



Teacher Education

Degree Name

Master of Education in Teaching and Learning

First Advisor

Andrew Huddleston


Goal setting is a growing strategy in education and has been shown to improve task performance. Studies that have focused on the effects of goal-setting in the past have highlighted both positive perceptions from students and an increase in academic performance. This study investigated student and teacher perceptions of the integration of SMART goals in second-grade math instruction as well as the perceived effects of SMART goals. The researcher collected data through observational field notes, a survey at the end of the study, student artifacts and interviews. The researcher analyzed the data using the constant comparative method. The resulting secondary codes were positive effects and success, student agency and perseverance, and mixed feelings and future changes. Findings suggest that students varied in their perceptions of SMART goals. Beyond the students’ perceptions were findings of an increase in literacy, motivation, and a need for more teacher feedback.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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