This paper approaches several different ethical theories to see how they interact with the issue of withdrawing and withholding life-sustaining care. After the theories of Utilitarianism, Kantian and Prima Facie Deontology, Virtue Ethics, and Evolutionary Ethics are explored at length, Deontological theories are proven to be the best decision-making guide from the perspective of both patients and those in policy-making positions. When used together, Kantian and Prima Facie Deontology offer the overall best combination of ethical instruction and personal freedom.
"Ethical Theories and Perspectives on End-of-Life Decisions,"
Dialogue & Nexus: Vol. 4
, Article 13.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.acu.edu/dialogue/vol4/iss1/13