Abilene Campus (Residential)
Date of Award
Master of Science
Committee Chair or Primary Advisor
Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor
Third Committee Member or Committee Reader
As a result of venturing across language and culture boundaries, individuals may
be exposed to different ways of living and thinking in which may trigger changes in the
way they conceptualize themselves and others. However, such experiences are not
identical for everyone, and the circumstances facing the crisis of refugees would appear
to be exceptionally difficult.
This paper aimed to address refugees’ attempt to acculturate and integrate into a
new society by examining potential moderating factors of emotional processes. The study
focuses on anger, anxiety, pride, and guilt; emotions that refugees carried with them
when they arrived to the new home, and how these relate to the specific acculturation
strategies of assimilation, integration, separation, and marginalization.
Study participants were nine Arabic refugees, all male and female adults who had
been in the host country for no more than two years. Participants completed a
Demographic Information Questionnaire in order to obtain background information.
Subsequently, participants completed five questionnaires including the (a) Acculturation
Attitudes Scales; (b) The State Trait Anxiety Inventory; (c) Trauma Related Guilt
Inventory; (d) The Authentic and Hubristic Pride Scales, and (e) The State-Trait Anger
Expression Inventory–2. All scales were translated into Arabic.
To test the hypothesis that high levels of anger, anxiety, pride, and guilt predict poor
acculturation among refugees, we calculated the correlations between these emotions and
the four acculturation strategies. The initial data from this pilot study showed different
patterns of significant correlations between the four emotions. These findings may lead to
have important implications regarding the role of acculturation in the lives of recent Arab
refugees migrating to the United States. These implications included differences in level
of confusion among Arab refugees, high levels of safety satisfaction due to over exposure
to trauma, high levels of resilience due to experience, and social desirability. Implications
for the measurement of acculturation and designs of future studies were discussed.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Alsahow, Ezdehar Z., "Acculturation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation Among Refugees: The Moderating Role of Emotions" (2018). Digital Commons @ ACU, Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 104.