Campus Location

Abilene Campus (Residential)

Date of Award


Document Type



Social Work

Degree Name

Master of Science

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Stephanie Hamm

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Stephen Baldridge

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Sonya Perez


This study of 99 middle school students in an urban area examined the relationship between community factors and student outcomes. The community factors that were examined were school violence based on if a student was a victim or witness and also if the student was an offender of school violence, violence and substance use exposure based on student’s home location, and socioeconomic status were also examined. Student outcomes were examined based on academic testing (Partnership for Assessment of Readiness of College and Careers or PARCC), grade point average (GPA), and school suspension (both Out-of-School Suspension or OSS and in-school-suspension/Alternative Learning Environment or ALE). Analysis consisted of bivariate correlations. Findings of this study show corollary relationships between students who are victim or witnesses to school violence and GPA. Additionally, a corollary relationship between GPA and suspension was found. The relationships found in this study suggest further attention is needed to understand student outcomes and to develop tools and interventions for middle school students to promote academic success.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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Social Work Commons



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