Campus Location

Dallas Campus (Online)

Date of Award


Document Type



Organizational Leadership

Degree Name

Doctor of Education

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Amy Barrios

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Sandra Harris

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Clementine Msengi


ESL students make a small population in rural, remote secondary schools. One ESL student can have a profound impact on the academic measures taken on state accountability tests. The gap between an ESL student’s achievement and that of native English-speaking peers is disproportionate. The actions of principals and campus leaders directly impact the teacher’s ability to support English language learners’ (ELL) ESL needs. A problem exists on what principals and campus leaders can do to help ESL students’ needs in a rural, remote secondary setting. The purpose of this exploratory single case study was to identify the actions campus leaders and principals take toward promoting professional development for ELL practices in rural, remote Texas secondary schools serving less than 20 ELLs per grade level. This single-exploratory case study investigated one remote rural school in East Texas using a questionnaire and semistructured interview. The study findings indicated that principals and campus leaders encourage but do not require professional development specific to ESL practice and pedagogy but relate other training and professional development to apply to many populations. Teachers, campus leaders, and principals find the smaller population is a factor in the professional development and services provided to the ESL population. As a result, campus leaders and principals need to examine ESL students’ proficiency and adjust professional development on ESL pedagogy and practice to serve the ESL rural, remote population better.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.