Campus Location

Abilene Campus (Residential)

Date of Award


Document Type



Social Work

Degree Name

Master of Science

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Kyeonghee Jang

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Malcolm Scott

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Abbey Green


Retention among academically at-risk students is becoming an increasing issue for universities across the nation. Although there are many studies on interventions that serve college students, there is a lack of empirical studies on academically at-risk students and the impact of academic coaching for this population. The purpose of this research is to explore approaches implemented by American universities in academic coaching, their effectiveness in serving first-year at-risk students, and common characteristics among academically at-risk students. This exploratory quantitative study surveyed a convenience sample of 13 university employees that oversee academic coaching. Descriptive analyses show that various approaches were used in academic coaching, leading to overall increased student academic performance. The findings show self-regulation and strength-based perspective are the most impactful in increasing academic performance resulting in higher GPA scores and retaining at the institution. However, characteristics among academically at-risk students continue to vary among different universities. Further investigation is needed to validate these findings using an experimental study with a representative sample.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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