Campus Location

Dallas Campus (Online)

Date of Award


Document Type



Organizational Leadership

Degree Name

Doctor of Education

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Dr. Leah Wickersham-Fish

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

Dr. Scott Self

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Dr. Marisa Beard


Emergency remote learning (or remote learning) altered K-12 instruction and occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring of 2020. Mandatory lockdowns and social distancing efforts transformed face-to-face instruction into a new pedagogical model called emergency remote learning or remote learning. In this qualitative case study, I aimed to understand how third-grade language arts instruction was affected during the transition to remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of general education teachers, learning support teachers, school administrators, and residential care providers. Additionally, the researcher used Moore’s (1997) transactional distance theory to investigate which strategies (methods, materials, and technologies) were successful or unsuccessful in remote learning during the spring and fall of 2020. I found that the transition to emergency remote learning was a continual trial, error, and refinement process. As emergency remote learning days extended past 21 days, content from instructional packets started to run out, and teachers scrambled to devise creative alternatives. In addition, teachers observed that the language arts experience of students was directly impacted by the location where they were participating. Students participating from home were less likely to engage in learning versus students participating on campus during emergency remote learning.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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