Campus Location

Abilene Campus (Residential)

Date of Award


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Science

Committee Chair or Primary Advisor

Cherisse Y. Flanagan

Second Committee Member or Secondary Advisor

David McAnulty

Third Committee Member or Committee Reader

Scott Perkins


Many organizations and resources exist to help mitigate the factors leading to the completion of suicide. Yet, the proficient identification of risk factors and warning signs, alongside the impactful intervention by gatekeepers, has emerged as a formidable strategy in the battle against suicide. How best to train these gatekeepers to ensure their efficacy and confidence in intervention is an area of active research and was the primary purpose of the present study. The participants were a sample of 100 undergraduate students from Abilene Christian University and were separated into three training groups. Each was assigned a different suicide prevention training module developed locally by the investigator. Two of the modules represented prevailing prevention ideologies, Gatekeeper and Bystander Intervention, while the last group was a combination of both. Concept knowledge and intervention confidence were assessed both pre-and post-training by investigator-developed screeners. Analysis of performance changes between phases determined a significant main effect between pre-and post-test results. However, while the hypothesized effects of each training type on concept knowledge did show potential at p = .052, a significant main effect was not observed. Meanwhile, the magnitude of effects on intervention confidence were virtually indistinguishable between training styles. The findings suggest a possible precedent for the combination of modalities as an efficient prevention and intervention training method. Additionally, the results of the modalities investigated appear to imply that the gatekeeper ideology is sufficient as a standalone training module and requires further research.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.