Tapestry: Journal of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Belonging in Education

Document Type



While the percentage of women in the superintendency has grown in the last 30 years, most superintendents (87%) are male compared to 13.2 percent female (Glass, 2021). The participants of this study were female superintendents leading rural school districts. Rural schools educate approximately 25% of the students in our country. Superintendents of rural schools face many additional challenges such as limited resources, declining student enrollments, high teacher turnover or chronic instability due to geographic isolation, a lack of professional development opportunities are just a few of the challenges these school districts face (Azano & Stewart, 2015; Baker et al.; 2014; Clarke & Stevens, 2006; Holme et al., 2018; Howley & Howley, 2005; Knapczyk et al., 2001; Lavalley, 2018). In addition, they were also navigating equity issues during social unrest. The researchers sought to understand how rural female superintendents in Texas have addressed equity issues on the heels of social, economic, and health pandemics plaguing our nation and school systems.